4 Different Types of Microphones and their Working

Introduction of 4 Different types of microphones

Hey guys , welcome to our musical world of musicallytech. As we know singing is very important and very beautiful thing to show the talent , to show our feeling. We use 4 Different Types of  Microphones with the different types of amazing voice effects. Microphones are generally use the microphone at the concert hall , auditorium , used for singing , used in studios and clubs , used in giving speeches and debates and in much more.But before selecting a best microphone for us , we also suffer from a good choosing microphone. Then this happens  ,  sometimes the confusion in our mind that choose a wrong microphone from mistakenly and after we get angry of own that why we choose  this microphone.

So today we are here going to discuss about Top 4 Different Types of Microphones in the world. And also discuss about their working so that the proper knowledge of each different microphone helps you to choose and will not create a confusion for the selection of a best microphone between two awesome brands microphone of same type. So the four types of microphones are:-
1. Dynamic microphones
2. Large diaphragm condenser microphones
3. Small diaphragm condenser microphones
4. Ribbon microphones

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1. Dynamic Microphones Top One In 4 4 Different Types of Microphones

In the list of 4 specific or different type of microphones the first is , The Dynamic microphones are widely used microphones and generally there are two types of Dynamic microphones. The Dynamic Microphones are also called the Moving Coil Microphones. Shure sm58 and Shure sm57 , actually both are the  same dynamic microphones except for the tops. If you are on a budget and you can only buy one microphone so the dynamic microphones are the best  choice. There are only 100 dollars but you can record pretty much anything with them. Dynamic microphones are great on snare drums , you can put on the guitars cabinets , you can record vocal with them. You could put them out in the room as a room Mic. Once you buy these any of the two dynamic microphones , so you will keep it forever because it’s not a Mike that you will throw away.

Shure SM7B Cardioid Dynamic Vocal Microphone | Sweetwater

Shure sm7b is also a really great microphone for the recordings vocals. One great thing about using Dynamic Microphones is if you are like in a room or like with a band , so recording from a dynamic Mike you won’t pick up much more noise from the band. Now lets discuss about the working of Dynamic type microphones.

Working Of Dynamic Microphones

Dynamic Microphones

The working of this type of microphones is unique and different from other microphones. As you know Shure sm57 is one of the most popular Microphone in the world. The way Dynamic Microphones works it’s all the same. In the picture , it consist of a very thin diaphragm , that attached to a coil of wires called voice call. When sounds comes in the front of the microphone then it pushes the diaphragm back which pushes that voice coil back. And then stuck up inside and it also consist of a magnet that is present in the middle. The magnet causes the current to be induced onto the coil and you drop that off as a voltage. You can get sound out the bottom end ,I mean this is a kind of gross simplification.
The design of Dynamic Microphones really influences the sound of it. There are some characteristics of moving coil dynamic are:-

  1. It captures limited high frequency detail.
  2. It’s does not need external power.
  3. It have low output and needs significant clean gain.
  4. Are not sensitive to humidity
  5. It handle high SPL without distortion.

2. Large Diaphragm Condenser Type Microphones

Rode NT1-A Large-diaphragm Condenser Microphone | Sweetwater

Large diaphragm condensers are excellent for recording vocals and they are great for recording anything. It have a lot of dynamic range. You can use them as a room mics , use them in front on the drum set or anything. They can be pretty fragile , so don’t drop them and they can get very expensive when you are using a large diaphragm condenser microphones like in singing and you are recording the singer. Then you want to make sure that you use a pop filter. The reason you want to put a pop filter in front is one it helps with the plosives. When the air hits the capsule then it will cause some low frequencies. But the other reason is you know the moisture from the breathe will get on the capsule and over time you can ruin in a capsule.

The other quick tip is that if you are recording vocals , this is nothing to do with the microphone really but if you stick the microphone a little bit higher than the singer. So they will tilt their head up and they might already project more. The some of the most popular large diaphragm condenser microphones are the Neumann series , the u-47 , u-67 ,u-87 , the Manley reference mic , the AKG c414. If you are on the budget so there’s a microphone called Rode nt1. Let us know the next 4 Different Types of Microphones.

3. Small Diaphragm Condenser Type Microphones

Schoeps CMC64 Set Modular Small-diaphragm Condenser Microphone ...

So now we will talk about an another awesome Microphones in this list of 4 Different Types of Microphones at a distance. If you are recording drums , the two overhead mics or if you have two or one would usually be a small diaphragm condenser. Let’s say you were recording in orchestra in the concert hall. You might put a bunch of small diaphragm condenser out in the concert hall to get the full sound of the orchestra. Sometimes you use the small diaphragm condenser to record something up close like hit-hat  and if you’re recording drums you might put a small diaphragm condenser microphones.
So there is a couple of things you know between the small and large diaphragm condenser is that they usually require their own power supply or phantom power. If you don’t know phantom power is you know , it’s usually a switch which you will find in your audio interface or your mic pries that sends electricity to your microphone boosting. Now let’s learn about the working of the condenser microphones:-

Working of Condensers Microphones

Now you know all microphones are transducers which means that they convert one form of energy. It’s mechanical energy into other form of energy and in this case , it’s electrical energy. The condenser microphones are also called capacitor microphones because of the way they are designed. The condenser microphones have very thin membrane and it is suspended above a back plate. The very light and thin membrane has to be conductive.

How Does A Condenser Microphone Work? | Practical Music Production

It needs a charge and that charge can either come from the external source such as phantom power and those are called externally polarized condenser microphones. It can also be a permanent charge and those are called electret microphones. So as the diaphragm moves , the actual capacitance of the circuit changes which imparts a small electrical output. This is all about of its working , Now lets moves to the last in 4 Different Types of Microphones.

Do I need phantom power for my condenser microphone? - Quora

The output is very small and be amplified within the microphone and we have what we call an Fe T amplifier of the condenser microphones. It has true condenser design.

4. Ribbon Microphones- Last One in 4 Different Types of microphones

The last one in 4 Different Types of Microphones is the ribbon microphones. One really important thing you should know about ribbon microphones , if you are in studio and they have old ribbon microphones so they are extremely fragile. If you sent phantom power to them then the mic will destroy it which be very expensive and very bad. Newer microphones are more robust less likely to break and they will probably handle the phantom power.
Ribbon microphones can have a unique sound. Now lets know about its working process.

Working Of Ribbon type Microphones

Explainers: how a ribbon microphone works | MusicRadar

Circuit of Ribbon microphone is different from other. The ribbon microphones based on what is literally a ribbon. Some microphones that instead of aluminium are metalised. The ribbon on the microphone is free to vibrates and it’s floating or suspended in a magnetic field. The ribbons moves back and fourth in the magnetic field then again that creates a voltage we can read off as audio. These have very low output so typically it have a step up transformer that operates at least in the range of one to thirty and sometimes one to hundred depending on other factors. So this is all about its working.

We hope you learn better from these 4 Different Types of Microphones


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